If you love spices, then you must be very familiar with turmeric. Although it’s most famous now as a culinary staple for those who are into Persian or Middle Eastern dishes, it can do so much more than that. Turmeric is also well known for its therapeutic effects, dating back nearly 4000 years and slowly getting recognition by modern medicine.
Turmeric’s Latin name is Curcuma longa, a plant belonging to the ginger family. It is native in South Asia as the region provides the right temperature and the considerable amount of rainfall that turmeric needs to thrive. India is the biggest producer and consumer of turmeric. When speaking about turmeric’s healing properties, mention curcumin. is the ingredient that gives turmeric its yellow color. But aside from being a pigment, it boasts of a lot of medicinal capabilities. It is said to be anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal and anti-cancer. This makes turmeric a potential elixir for a long list of diseases affecting the cardiovascular, nervous, respiratory system among others.
Indeed, turmeric has a plethora of sought-after benefits and is hailed as a natural cure for a number of chronic and debilitating diseases. Of all the scientifically-proven abilities of this “golden spice”, we are putting a spotlight on turmeric health benefits for the gallbladder and the biliary system as a whole.
Benefits for the Gallbladder
- Boost Liver Health
- Regulate Cholesterol Levels
- Cox 2 Inflammation
- Regulate Blood Sugar
- Help in Recovery After Surgery
In a clinical experiment conducted in 2015 and published in the BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Journal, researchers investigated turmeric’s protective and regenerative effects on damaged livers. Animal tests showed that turmeric supplementation successfully tempered liver toxicity induced in the subjects. The study’s conclusion attributed it to turmeric’s inflammatory activity.
Another study published in the Journal of Food Science also exhibited turmeric’s ability to reduce the risk of fatty liver disease. It showed that curcumin from turmeric promotes programmed death in liver cells that cause scarring which can lead to liver cirrhosis in the long run. Because of curcumin’s ability to arrest inflammation and boost detoxification, molecules that promote liver damage are significantly reduced.
Aside for combatting liver toxicity and protecting the liver from eventual cirrhosis, turmeric also does wonders in already-problematic livers. In separate instances, turmeric was administered to subjects who were diabetic, suffering from fatty liver disease and diagnosed with mild to moderate alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels respectively. All these indicated notable liver damage or dysfunction. In all these cases, turmeric helped the liver cells to repair and regenerate. It shrink enlarged and inflamed hepatic ducts.
Liver health is of utmost importance since it is one of the three most vital organs in the body. Also, the state of the liver is closely linked to gallbladder health as they work together to ensure a sufficient effective bile flow.
Turmeric Helps Regulate Cholesterol Levels
makes turmeric an effective agent in achieving optimum liver health is its effect on cholesterol. Turmeric powered by curcumin has the ability to minimize cholesterol absorption in the gut, prevent cholesterol production in the liver and lessen low-density lipoprotein (LDL a.k.a. bad cholesterol) while reducing its oxidation in the arteries.
When tested on rats that were fed a high cholesterol diet, scientists concluded that turmeric supplements were able to regulate plasma cholesterol levels. Plasma cholesterol contributes to the formation of fatty plaques in the arteries which can lead to atherosclerosis, stroke or a heart attack. Turmeric reduces the adhesive properties of blood platelets, thus preventing the formation of clots. It also relaxes blood vessels and promotes healthy circulation. The cholesterol-regulating property also benefits the gallbladder and biliary system as a whole since excessive cholesterol may lead to formation of gallstones or the disruption of normal bile flow.
Another reason for plaque build-up is cholesterol oxidation. During this process, oxygenated derivatives of cholesterol called oxysterols are formed. Although oxysterol synthesis is an important part of the immune response to pathogens and a valuable transport form of cholesterol, oxysterols are also implicated in the development of numerous diseases like gallstones, atherosclerosis, cancer, multiple sclerosis and neurodegenerative diseases. Oxysterols are also considered markers for oxidative stress.
Turmeric and curcumin have also been proven to be effective protective agent against cardiovascular disease as decrease blood cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) levels. This belief has been tested in numerous studies including one published in Nutrition Research and Practice back in 2010 highlighting the hypocholesterolemic effects of curcumin. Based on test results, the administration of curcumin to animal subjects significantly decreased triglycerides by 27, total cholesterol by 33.8% and LDL cholesterol by 56%. Another study published in The American Journal of Cardiology proved that the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of curcumin account for its cardioprotective properties. In the experiment, turmeric was administered to patient subjects who have undergone coronary artery bypass and results prove that post-operation heart attack risk is reduced by 56%.
Turmeric Boosts Gastrointestinal Health
There are many ways that turmeric and curcumin boosts gastrointestinal health.
First, it improves bile flow. This was exemplified in a 2011 study focused on the effect of turmeric to animal subjects with infection and obstruction due partial biliary obstruction by liver fluke. The experiment proved that treatment with curcumin plus other agents resulted in enhanced biliary contraction and bile flow. A separate study concluded that curcumin stimulates the gallbladder to
Secondly, turmeric helps common digestive problems. Whether it is gas, bloating, or cramping, turmeric shows potential to be a natural treatment. In Ayurvedic or ancient medicine, turmeric is known to be carminative, relieving flatulence and calming the upper digestive system. It is also considered antispasmodic which helps in smoothing muscles and reducing digestive cramping and even dysmenorrhea. This also helps ease symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). study published in the Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine, it showed that turmeric supplementation reduced IBS prevalence, relieved discomfort and generally assisted in improving patients’ quality of life.
Another way in which turmeric helps the gastrointestinal tract is by preventing gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD, acid reflux and heartburn. According to a 2013 article from the World Journal of Gastroenterology, turmeric can reduce esophageal sensitivity to acid, helping in alleviating GERD symptoms. GERD or acid reflux is also said to be brought about by improper digestion which leads to acid build-up, pressuring the lower esophageal sphincter. Since turmeric improves bile flow and increases gallbladder contraction, it can significantly improve digestion and indirectly stop one of the sources of GERD. Lastly, turmeric provide relief for GERD, acid reflux or heartburn by healing peptic ulcers. Studies show that regular ingestion of curcumin heals wounds and sores in the gut lining by reducing the secretion of gastrin, a hormone that stimulates acid production.
Turmeric and curcumin are preventive agents and potential answers to metabolic diseases like obesity, type-2 diabetes and fatty liver disease. This is primarily because of the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant capabilities of the . An article from Reuters Health also underscored the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of curcumin and its role in metabolic syndromes. This is good news even for those conscious about their gallbladder health. Metabolic syndromes have long been associated with the development of gallstones and other gallbladder diseases. In fact, metabolic syndromes can increase the risk of gallstone disease by 4 times.
Aside from metabolic diseases, turmeric can also provide relief from inflammatory bowel diseases like Chron’s Disease and ulcerative colitis. IBS increases the possibility of developing gallstones and other complications. These diseases are often chronic, and they reappear over short or long periods of time. Studies show that turmeric supplements taken regularly can prevent or delay recurrence of symptoms. Turmeric extract can also be enema. It iscompatible when used with conventional treatments.
Curcumin in turmeric blocks the molecule which goes into cell nucleus and turns on genes related to inflammation.
Since inflammation plays a major role in almost every chronic disease, turmeric’s benefit the digestive and biliary system.
Firstly, it is most famous for its ability to lower blood sugar levels. In a study published in the International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, curcumin was said to reduce glucose production in the liver and stimulate glucose uptake by boosting expressions of GLUT4, GLUT 2 and GLUT3 genes. The results of the experiment also showed curcumin’s ability to stimulate insulin secretion while improving pancreatic cell functions and reducing insulin resistance. All of these contribute to lower blood sugar levels.
Secondly, since turmeric is effective in counteracting inflammation, diabetes is addressed at the onset. In a 2014 experiment conducted with patients suffering from Type 2 Diabetes, it showed that curcuminoids have anti-diabetic effects. Supplementation showed positive changes in terms of glucose levels, free fatty acids and C-reactive protein. It even increased the activity of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) which lowers oxidative stress associated with diabetes, cancer, obesity and cardiovascular diseases. A separate experiment led to a similar conclusion that curcumin has antihyperglycemic and insulin sensitizer effects.
For those who are still at the brink of developing diabetes, turmeric also brings great news as it can help stop the aggravation of the condition. A study involving subjects with pre-diabetes showed that none of the people who received regular supplementation of curcumin for 9 months developed diabetes while the control group didn’t show favourable results.
Turmeric Helps in Recovery After Surgery
This health benefit from turmeric is especially useful for those who are considering cholecystectomy or people who have just undergone gallbladder removal or any other kind of invasive procedure. According to the study published by Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, curcumin improves wound healing by increased cellular proliferation and collagen synthesis. The topical application of curcumin soothes irritation. It can also reduce overall fatigue and pain after surgery. The detoxifying property of curcumin is also important in activating our body’s natural antioxidants.
Turmeric is both a choleretic and a cholagague
This means that turmeric stimulates bile production and it also causes the gallbladder to contract It can be a blessing or a curse, in some ways, if you have gallbladder problems, stones or low functioning bile ducts
. If you are suffering from these conditions,
Turmeric may slow blood clotting
Since turmeric can have thinning effect on the blood, it may have interaction with anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs. There might be an increased possibility of bruising and bleeding if taken along medications that slow clotting.
Turmeric must be used with caution by people with iron deficiencyurmeric ingestion in high amounts may prevent absorption of iron.
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