CHOLINE BITARTRATE - For Help With Fat Digestion
For help with the digestion of fats, cholesterol, proteins and carbohydrates. Choline is essential for gallbladder and liver functioning. Choline is also a precursor of acetylcholine which is an important neurotransmitter. Studies show that choline supports memory enhancement, may improve analytical thinking, creativity and cognitive function. It may also be helpful in fatty liver disease. See research study below. Choline is used in the methylation and detoxification pathways of the body.
Ingredients: choline 235 mg (from 500 mg choline bitartrate) per capsule.
Other ingredients: cellulose, silicia, vegetable stearate and gelatin capsule.
Dosage: 1-2 capsules with each meal containing any fat at all, even flax or olive oil. The more fat, the more you'll need.
For relief from gas and bloating, take 2 choline capsules with 1-3 bile capsules.
The research information presented here should not be construed as claims regarding performance of this product.
Men and women fed intravenously (IV) with solutions that contained adequate methionine and folate but lacked choline have developed a condition called "fatty liver" and signs of liver damage that resolved when choline was provided.1
Five-week-old Wistar rats were fed a choline-deficient diet for 8 weeks to create a NASH (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or fatty liver that is not alchohol induced) model. This basically confirms that insufficient choline in the diet can definately contribute to a fatty liver.2
Researchers at the Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, Norway reported that the lower the concentrations of choline found in the blood, the higher the anxiety.3
1. Zeisel, S.H. Choline: an essential nutrient for humans. Nutrition. 2000; volume 16: pages 669-671.
2.Oishi T, Terai S, Iwamoto T, Takami T, Yamamoto N, Sakaida I. Splenectomy reduces fibrosis and preneoplastic lesions with increased triglycerides and essential fatty acids in rat liver cirrhosis induced by a choline-deficient L-amino acid-defined diet. Hepatol Res. 2011 May;41(5):463-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1872-034X.2011.00784.x. Epub 2011 Mar 21.
3.Bjelland I, Tell GS, Vollset SE, Konstantinova S, Ueland PM.Am J Clin Nutr 90: 1056-1060, 2009. First published August 5, 2009; doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.27493 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.27493 Vol. 90, No. 4, 1056-1060, October 2009.